A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee

By John Losee

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating advent deals a historic exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technology. With concise profiles providing the main philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this booklet, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised via philosophers and scientists in regards to the right evaluate of technology. This new version accommodates modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with contemporary paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the controversy over medical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative technique, this paintings is the correct introductory quantity.

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Paradoxically, Duns Scotus both augmented the Method of Resolution and undercut confidence in inductively established correlations. His theological convictions were responsible for the latter emphasis. He insisted that God can accomplish anything which does not involve a contradiction, and that uniformities in nature exist only by the forbearance of God. Moreover, God could, if He wished, short-circuit a regularity and produce an effect directly without the presence of the usual cause. It was for this reason that Duns Scotus held that the Method of Agreement can establish only aptitudinal unions within experience.

Crombie, Robert Grosseteste, –. , III. –, in Ockham Studies and Selections, trans. and ed. S. C. , ), –. 19 Duns Scotus: Philosophical Writings, –. 20 Nicolaus of Autrecourt, ‘Second Letter to Bernard of Arezzo’, in Medieval Philosophy, ed. H. Shapiro (New York: The Modern Library, ), –. 21 J. R. Weinberg, Nicolaus of Autrecourt (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ), . 22 Ibid. –. 6 The Debate over Saving the Appearances Osiander on Mathematical Models and Physical Truth 40 Copernicus’s Pythagorean Commitment 40 Bellarmine v.

This tradition often was reinforced by the ontological claim that the phenomenal realm is at best an “imitation” or “reflection” of the “real world”. Primary responsibility for promulgating this point of view rests with Plato and his interpreters. This dualism had important repercussions in the thought of Galileo and Descartes. Notes T. L. ), The Works of Archimedes (New York: Dover Publications, ), –. 2 Ibid. –. 1 4 Atomism and the Concept of Underlying Mechanism As noted above, some followers of Plato construed the world to be an imperfect reflection of an underlying reality.

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