A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1 by Yongxiang Lu

By Yongxiang Lu

A heritage of chinese language technology and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) offers forty four person lectures, starting with historical chinese language technology and know-how within the strategy of Human Civilizations and an outline of chinese language technological know-how and know-how, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of numerous concerns within the heritage of technological know-how and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with subject matters on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and diverse technological components heavily on the topic of garments, nutrients, safeguard and transportation.
This e-book is the main authoritative paintings at the background of chinese language technology and expertise. it's the Winner of the China booklet Award, the Shanghai publication Award (1st prize), and the Classical China foreign Publishing undertaking (GAPP, basic management of Press and ebook of China) and provides an important source for tutorial researchers and non-experts alike.

It originated with a sequence of forty four lectures awarded to most sensible chinese language leaders, which obtained very confident suggestions. Written via best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of normal Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language enterprises, the ebook is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the historical past of technology, philosophy of technology and know-how, and similar disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vice president of the nationwide Congress of China.

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Liu exercising land distribution, abolishing slavery, suppressing bullies, and keeping at bay the family of the empress, establish schools, implementing state management of salt and iron and state ownership of mountains and rivers in an effort to exercise planned economy, boast certain progressive significance in that era. A prominent contribution of this era in academic history is the collation of classics, an undertaking completed mainly under the leadership of Liu Xiang and his son Liu xin. Their works of “Bie Lu(A Separate Record)” and “Qi Lue (Seven Strategies)” not only laid the foundation for the Science of Edition and the Bibliography, but also opened up a precedent for knowledge classification in ancient China.

In China, there was the trend of learning Western science started by the calendar reform in Chongzhen Era of the Ming Dynasty, but shortly thereafter, the Ming Dynasty was superseded by the Qing Dynasty, and fierce domestic ethnic conflicts pushed the legitimacy of Qing rulers to the front of politics. Kangxi is a unique among emperors in Chinese history for his strong interest in natural sciences. Strategically he deemed Western missionaries as “distant barbarians” different from the Manchu and Han nationality, but he also picked up the words of the ancients people in “distant people coming from afar out of admiration” and “seeking lost rites from the uncultured” so as to find an excuse to learn Western scientific knowledge from the missionaries.

Are sometimes also listed as schools. Among the Pre-Qin schools of thought, Confucianism, and Mohism are called famous schools. 20 D. Liu Created by Confucius, Confucianism mainly concerns the social order and the corresponding norms of human relations, publicizing a political utopia of aristocratic democracy via ancient legends. Confucian view of nature stresses the changes of things and the harmony of the universe. , yin and yang, whose tenet lies in political and philosophical interpretation according to changes in these symbols.

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