A History of Philosophy; With Especial Reference to the by Wilhelm Windelband

By Wilhelm Windelband

This Elibron Classics e-book is a facsimile reprint of a 1901 variation by way of the Macmillan corporation, ny.

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A History of Philosophy; With Especial Reference to the Formation and Development of Its Problems and Conceptions

This Elibron Classics e-book is a facsimile reprint of a 1901 variation by means of the Macmillan corporation, long island.

Extra resources for A History of Philosophy; With Especial Reference to the Formation and Development of Its Problems and Conceptions

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It is not my intention to review here the various solutions which have been proposed in recent times to these problems. I do however believe that these two theoretical poles, the `designative' and the `descriptive', provide us with a useful frame of reference for understanding the corresponding positions adopted by those who dealt with this issue in antiquity. 4 Aristotle in chapter 7 of the De interpretatione (17a38±b3) attempts a distinction between `universal' (jaho*kot) and `singular' (jah$ Œjarsom) terms on the basis of the criterion of whether these are `naturally predicable' (pݐtje jasgcoqe~irhai) `of a number of things' (Kpd pkeio*mxm) or not.

It should also be mentioned that, according to the prevailing view, for Aristotle also the truth of an assertion with a proper name as subject implies the existence of the person or thing designated by the subject. See Cat. 13 27±33 and Wedin 1978: 191±3. 27 28 b Wittgenstein 1967: i. 40. See also Strawson 1952: 190. Related to this, but not identical, was the problem formulated by Chrysippus concerning ot~< so|) in the case of some dead person (SVF ii. 202a): the use of the indicative expression `he' ( `because Dion being dead, there perishes the assertion ``he died'', the correspondent of the ostension no longer being in existence; for ostension is directed to the living and concerns the living'.

Theophrastus appears to have introduced the termleqijg+ ~ * m Krsim (cf. fr. 82b±e a$pqordio*qirso| to characterize sentences of the form sd| a>mhqxpo| f{o FHS&G). 6 In De int. 90. : diaÝqotri db sxm ~ jah$ Œjarsa ai< leqijad (sc. pqosa*rei|) s{ ~ sa+| lbm jah$ Œjarsa Kpß simo| ›mo+| xmhqxpo| dßjaio*| Krsim$ .

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