Access To History. The People's Republic of China 1949-76 by Michael Lynch

By Michael Lynch

The second one version of this best-selling name has been revised and up-to-date to mirror the desires of the present requisites. The name charts China's impressive and tumultuous improvement from the institution of the People's Republic in 1949 to Mao's dying in 1976. The booklet examines the common social and fiscal switch that resulted from the Communist revolution, together with the adjustments to agriculture, the five-year plans and the hundred-flowers crusade. It then is going directly to examine the explanations for the Cultural Revolution and its legacy. additionally the writer analyzes Mao's prestige as a political chief and his value within the household advancements of China from 1949 to seventy six. during the ebook, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the interval, and exam-style questions and guidance for every exam board give you the chance to improve examination talents.

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China promptly declared itself to be fully engaged in the war. Key question China’s contribution to the war in Korea What was the cost to China of its involvement in the war? By the end of 1950 a quarter of a million PLA troops under the command of Peng Dehuai (Peng Teh-huai) had moved into Korea. That number grew to three million during the course of the 3-year war. Despite China’s pretence that all its troops were volunteers, it was a conscript army that fought in Korea. It suffered heavily in the fighting.

Key question Key date How accurate was the term ‘plan’? Second Five-Year Plan: 1958–62 teeming homes, shops and markets and laying a vast concretepaved level space, open to the south, but with two huge new buildings to the east and west and the Forbidden City to the north. Mao frequently asked about the square’s dimensions; he did not relax until he was assured it was larger than Moscow’s Red Square. Mao made it a practice to visit some of the major construction sites. This was as much a propaganda exercise as a genuine desire to mix with the workers.

Excited officials reported back to Beijing on how faithfully and successfully the people of China were answering Mao’s call. Weakness of the campaign The people may have been faithful but they were hardly successful. Goodwill did not necessarily produce good steel. The only steel suitable for industrial use came from the large foundries. The home-made variety was worthless. Most of it was not steel in any recognisable sense. Smelted from such domestic oddments as pots, pans and bicycles, the peasant’ steel ended up 50 | The People’s Republic of China 1949–76 as large, hard blobs, ideal, perhaps, for putting in a gallery as a piece of contemporary sculpture, but unusable in any practical way.

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