By Hanns J. Prem
Outlines the significantly lengthy and complicated cultural heritage of Mesoamerica, in addition to the Andean continuum. It combines an outline of pre-Columbian historic occasions and events with a attention of vital study difficulties and efforts and areas the final flowering of indigenous complicated civizations inside of their respective geographic and sociocultural frameworks.
Read or Download Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research PDF
Similar archaeology books
The Encyclopedia of old Archaeology is a ground-breaking compendium of data approximately this ever-growing box. targeting the post-1400 interval in addition to containing widely used causes of old archaeology the place wanted, the encyclopedia is compiled through over a hundred and twenty specialists from around the globe and comprises greater than 370 entries masking vital suggestions and websites.
The eu Bronze Age, approximately 2500 to 750 BC, was once the final totally prehistoric interval and the most important to the formation of the Europe rising within the later first millennium BC. This publication presents an in depth account of its fabric tradition, evaluating and contrasting facts from assorted geographical zones, and drawing out the basic features of the interval.
Scholars of archaeology, visitors, viewers to museums and all these attracted to mythology will price this entire guide. It information the most important gods and goddesses and provides a huge survey of others, giving a shiny photograph of the complexity and richness of the imagery of Egyptian mythology.
GorensteinArchaeologyMesoamerican reports, as they're nonetheless practiced this day, are framed by way of the Spanish colonial intrusion into Mexico from the east, and next involvement with the Aztec Empire. «Greater Mesoamerica» expands the definition of «Mesoamerica» past the extra routinely authorised significant Mexican parts to either western and northwestern Mexico the place subtle cultures have been flourishing open air the area of Spanish impact.
- Il mondo ellenico
- Geoarchaeology: Exploration, Environments, Resources (Geological Society Special Publication, No. 165) (Geological Society Special Publication, No. 165)
- Von Domica bis Drama : Gedenkschrift für Jan Lichardus
- The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts
- I templi Greci
Additional info for Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research
Trade of goods for daily consumption took place over considerable distances, because hard stones and obsidian had to be imported in the lowlands, which were poor in raw materials. This was true even more so for luxury items. Whether there was a specific group of people who specialized in such trading (this was attributed to the group putun)or not is uncertain. TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGEThe technical knowledge of the Mayans was comparable to that elsewhere in Mesoamerica. However, as a special invention of their own, bottle-shaped hollows were sunk several meters deep into the limestone and served as storerooms in the southern lowlands and as cisterns in the northern lowlands.
REASONSAt the end of the Classic there was a destruction of central power in the city-states. The collapse occurred everywhere, not at the same time, but so fast that frequently half-finished buildings were not completed. Population numbers and complexity were drastically reduced. The nobility, experienced in rituals and specialized techniques, seemed to have vanished. Reasons for the decline are still obscure. The simple hypotheses based on one main reason, which have so far been suggested in large numbers, usually are not satisfactory explanations.
Page 9 STRATIFICATION OF THE POPULATIONStatements about the presence of social groups can be supported only by indirect evidence. At the head of society there were administration officials; possibly the same persons held the higher priestly offices (a theocratic system often is visualized). Their tasks were administration and organization of a large community that had to be supplied from the outside, planning of building concepts, and supervision of construction. Then there were artisans for shaping obsidian, manufacturing ceramics, building houses, painting murals, and making stone sculptures.