Aristotle's Theory of Language and Meaning by Deborah K. W. Modrak

By Deborah K. W. Modrak

This can be a publication approximately Aristotle's philosophy of language, interpreted in a framework that gives a accomplished interpretation of Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of brain, epistemology and technology. The goals of the ebook are to explicate the outline of which means contained in De Interpretatione and to teach the relevance of that idea of aspiring to a lot of the remainder of Arisotle's philosophy. within the strategy Deborah Modrak unearths how that concept of that means has been a lot maligned.

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Interpretation (ai) offers a narrow construal of the pathema as a linguistic item that need not stand in any relation to any nonlinguistic state. Interpretations (a2) and (a3) posit a relation between the pathema that a word signifies and an object external to the mind. Under interpretation (a3), the mental state is directed at (has as its content) the object causing the mental state. Under (a3), the mental content for which the spoken word stands mediates the relation between the word and the object to which it refers, and the object determines the mental content or meaning.

Socrates is a father' is true just in case 'Socrates' denotes a person who stands in a particular relation to another person. As Aristotle puts it, What is relative then is that which is just what it is said of another or in some other way in relation to something else. (6b7~8; cf. With respect to 'father', the pragma '{name of male parent) R child' is irreducible; but with respect to a true substance sortal, the pragma consists simply in an individual falling under the sortal. 'Socrates is a man' is true just in case 'Socrates' denotes a human being.

It is another question whether he should have taken this position. If Categories 2 is interpreted in a way that yields a two-tiered ontology of particulars and universals, then the claim that the universal is in the particular if interpreted to mean that the universal could not exist if that particular did not exist is obviously false. Thus Ackrill argued that what Aristotle said was "compressed and careless" for he should have said that every instance of color is in an individual body (p. 83).

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