Attention in Early Development: Themes and Variations by Holly Alliger Ruff

By Holly Alliger Ruff

This publication offers either a evaluation of the literature and a theoretical framework for figuring out the advance of visible recognition from infancy via early early life. Taking a practical method of the subject, the authors talk about the advance of the selective and state-related facets of consciousness, in addition to the emergence of higher-level controls. in addition they discover the person modifications in those points of consciousness, and look at the potential origins of early deficits in consciousness, which has visible implications for kids with developmental issues akin to attention-deficit hyperactive disease. those findings can be precious to developmental, cognitive, and scientific psychologists and psychiatrists.

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Lights, which are not visible to the subject, are photographed by an infrared-sensitive camera at a rate of 2 to 4 per second; the distance between one or two lights and the center of the eye is then measured in each photograph. Because the location of the lights relative to the target is known, it is possible to determine the fixation point in each photograph; the exposure time of each photograph is intended to be long enough to produce a blur if the eye is moving rather than fixating at the time it is 16 Attention in Early Development photographed.

There is also evidence that newborns have preferences for looking at patterns composed of curved as opposed to straight lines (Fantz & Miranda, 1975). 1. Representative "preferences" of newborn infants. The values under one member of each pair represent the percentage of looking time directed at the preferred pattern. From "Pattern preferences and perceptual-cognitive development in early infancy" by R. L. Fantz and S. Nevis, Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 13, p. 86. Copyright 1967 by Wayne State University Press.

Several modalities—hearing, seeing, feeling—may be used in attending to selected events, or one modality may be dominant, as when one listens intently to a conversation in another room. Selection of Objects and Locations In this book, we emphasize visual selection of events in the environment. A major index of this selectivity is the orienting of the eyes in a particular direction. Since a given object is necessarily in only one place at a time, there is considerable overlap between attention to objects and their locations.

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