Autobiographical Memory and the Construction of a Narrative by Robyn Fivush, Catherine A. Haden

By Robyn Fivush, Catherine A. Haden

It's a truism in psychology that self and autobiographical reminiscence are associated, but we nonetheless comprehend unusually little concerning the nature of this relation. students from a number of disciplines, together with cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, anthropology, and philosophy have started theorizing and writing in regards to the ways that autobiographical reminiscence is equipped, the position that narratives play within the improvement of autobiographical reminiscence, and the kin among autobiographical reminiscence, narrative, and self idea. If narratives are a serious hyperlink among reminiscence and self, then it turns into obvious that the jobs of language and social interplay are paramount. those are the problems addressed during this quantity. even supposing person authors supply their very own designated views in illuminating the character of the hyperlink among self and reminiscence, the members percentage a point of view that either reminiscence and self are developed via particular different types of social interactions and/or cultural frameworks that result in the formation of an autobiographical narrative. Taken jointly, the chapters weave a coherent tale approximately how each one people creates a lifestyles narrative embedded in social-cultural frameworks that outline what's acceptable to recollect, how you can bring it to mind, and what it capacity to be a self with an autobiographical previous.

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Extra info for Autobiographical Memory and the Construction of a Narrative Self: Developmental and Cultural Perspectives

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Oh. I don’t know her name. Somebody has a rocket. That can turn into a big rocket. Yeah? (nods) Who is this person? I don’t know her. Where’d you meet her? At our house! At our house? Somebody with a rocket came to our house? Uh huh. Was I home for this? (shakes head) No. So how would I know who this is? (Original in Shaw, 1999) It is obvious from this exchange (Nelson & Shaw, 2002) that the child does not understand that her mother, who was not present during the rocket 18 NELSON episode, cannot identify the child who had the rocket and thus produce the child’s name.

Two shared events were discussed at 19 months, and three shared events at subsequent datapoints. Events were preselected to be unique, significant, and spanning no more than a day. Examples of events discussed included farm visits, rugby games, and camping trips. 4%). Conversations were videotaped, audiotaped, and transcribed verbatim. 86; see Farrant & Reese, 2000, for complete details), but a few utterance types emerged as critical in the development of reminiscing. A critical maternal code was “memory-question elaborations” (MQEL) in which the mother asked or provided new information that had not been previously discussed.

In part, the autobiography serves to explain to the self why certain things happened the way they did, and their significance for the living present. Without the cultural frame of place, time, and social structure, the self-history lacks context. The sociocultural temporal frame of one’s life—school, jobs, marriage —provides the narrative structure that situates specific episodes within the whole. Cultural memory practices such as national celebrations also provide frameworks for social and personal memory (Casey, 1987).

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