Bacchus and Civic Order: The Culture of Drink in Early by B. Ann Tlusty

By B. Ann Tlusty

Lining the streets contained in the city's gates, clustered in its middle, and thinly scattered between its again quarters have been Augsburg's taverns and ingesting rooms. those associations ranged from the poorly lit rooms of backstreet wine to the flowery marble halls frequented through society's so much privileged participants. city consuming rooms supplied greater than foodstuff, drink, and accommodation for his or her visitors. additionally they conferred upon their viewers a feeling of social id commensurate with their prestige. like every German towns, Augsburg in the course of the 16th and 17th centuries had a historical past formed via the political occasions attending the Reformation, the post-Reformation, and the Thirty Years' conflict; its social and political personality was once additionally mirrored and supported by way of its private and non-private ingesting rooms.

In Bacchus and Civic Order: The tradition of Drink in Early sleek Germany, Ann Tlusty examines the social and cultural capabilities served through consuming and tavern existence in Germany among 1500 and 1700, and demanding situations latest theories approximately city id, sociability, and tool. via her reconstruction of the social heritage of Augsburg, from beggars to council contributors, Tlusty additionally sheds mild on such assorted themes as social ritual, gender and family kinfolk, clinical perform, and the troubles of civic leaders with public wellbeing and fitness and poverty. Drunkenness, dueling, and other kinds of tavern comportment that can seem ''disorderly'' to us this present day change into the inevitable, even fascinating results of a society functioning based on its personal rules.

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Hints of economic decline were already in evidence as the seventeenth century began; if Augsburg’s citizens held any hope of recovery, they were dashed by the devastation of the Thirty Years’ War. The war decimated the economic power of the city, intensified confessional differences, and left the population reduced by more than half. 43 To stabilize confessional tensions after the war ended in , a system of confessional parity (Parität) was instituted that ensured equal representation for Catholics and Protestants in government institutions and bureaucratic offices.

Jacob Fugger may have been motivated by the hope of winning salvation in return for his charity, yet the orderly little community served a calculated worldly interest as well. Impoverished people with a home were less likely to risk social protest than those with nothing to lose—and as an added precaution, the gates to the Fuggerei were locked, with its residents inside, during the hours of darkness. Lining the streets just inside the city’s gates, clustered in its center, and thinly scattered among its back quarters were Augsburg’s taverns and drinking rooms.

Beer tavern keepers, who brewed their beer on the premises, were especially dependent on a ready supply of clean water. 17 The impoverished quarter surrounding St. 18 A thirsty traveler entering town after an exhausting journey would look first for refreshment, a place to stay, and (unless he were traveling by foot) a stable for his horse. For this, our wanderer would not have far to go. The rows of taverns that lined the streets leading from Red and Wertach Bridge Gates were strategically placed to offer immediate hospitality to the weary stranger.

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