Basic Cantonese - A Grammar and Workbook by Virginia Yip

By Virginia Yip

Uncomplicated Cantonese introduces the necessities of Cantonese grammar in an easy and systematic approach. all of the 28 devices offers with a grammatical aspect and gives linked workouts, devised to excellent conversation talents. certain realization is paid to themes which fluctuate from English and eu language constructions. positive factors contain: transparent, obtainable layout; vigorous examples to demonstrate each one grammar aspect; complete key to workouts; and thesaurus of grammatical phrases.

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UNIT SEVEN Being: haih The verb haih 'to be' is straightforward in form, but used in ways which do not always match those of English and other European languages. It is used to introduce noun phrases, as in making introductions and identifying people: Ngóh haih Chàhn Síu Mìhng Léih haih bƯngo a? Kéuih haih yƯsƗng I'm Chan Siu Ming Who are you? She's a doctor As we saw in Unit 5, many such statements can also be made without haih, especially when a sentence particle such as the explanatory lèihga is added (see Unit 25): NƯ go haih ngóh làahm-pàhngyáuh This is my boyfriend or NƯ go ngóh làahm-pàhngyáuh (lèihga) Ngóhdeih haih ChìuhjƗuyàhn We are Chiu Chow (people) or Ngóhdeih ChìuhjƗuyàhn (lèihga) Note in particular that haih is not used with predicative adjectives, which are typically introduced by hóu (lit.

Léih hái HƝunggóng yáuh-móuh pàhngyáuh a (friends)? Léihdeih yáuh-móuh dihnlóuh a (computer)? Léih gƗan fóng yáuh-móuh hnjngwái a (space in your room)? Léih yáuh-móuh sìhgaan hohk Gwóngdnjng-wá a (time to study Cantonese)? 6 Léihdeih yáuh-móuh heui-gwo GwóngjƗu a (been to Guangzhou)? 7 Léih gƗmyaht yáuh-móuh tái sƗnmán a (watch the news today)? Unit 6 31 8 Léih yáuh-móuh hingcheui jyun gnjng a (interested in changing your job)? 3 Translate these questions into Cantonese: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Do you have a car (chƝ)?

UNIT SEVEN Being: haih The verb haih 'to be' is straightforward in form, but used in ways which do not always match those of English and other European languages. It is used to introduce noun phrases, as in making introductions and identifying people: Ngóh haih Chàhn Síu Mìhng Léih haih bƯngo a? Kéuih haih yƯsƗng I'm Chan Siu Ming Who are you? She's a doctor As we saw in Unit 5, many such statements can also be made without haih, especially when a sentence particle such as the explanatory lèihga is added (see Unit 25): NƯ go haih ngóh làahm-pàhngyáuh This is my boyfriend or NƯ go ngóh làahm-pàhngyáuh (lèihga) Ngóhdeih haih ChìuhjƗuyàhn We are Chiu Chow (people) or Ngóhdeih ChìuhjƗuyàhn (lèihga) Note in particular that haih is not used with predicative adjectives, which are typically introduced by hóu (lit.

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