Biology As Ideology by Richard C. Lewontin

By Richard C. Lewontin

Following within the type of Stephen Jay Gould and Peter Medawar, one of many world's major scientists examines how "pure technological know-how" is in truth formed and guided via social and political wishes and assumptions.

Show description

Read Online or Download Biology As Ideology PDF

Best history & philosophy books

The collected papers of Albert Einstein

This index quantity offers easy access to the main authoritative compilation of records and knowledge relating Einstein's paintings and correspondence for the 1st half his lifestyles. It bargains readers a Cumulative Index to the 1st ten volumes of the gathered papers, the 1st whole bibliography of Einstein's clinical and nonscientific writings until eventually 1921, and a succinct biographical time line.

How Greek Science Passed to the Arabs

The background of technological know-how is one in every of wisdom being handed from group to neighborhood over millions of years, and this is often the vintage account of the main influential of those hobbies -- how Hellenistic technology handed to the Arabs the place it took on a brand new existence and ended in the improvement of Arab astronomy and medication, which flourished within the courts of the Muslim international and later handed directly to medieval Europe.

The Circulation of European Knowledge: Niklas Luhmann in the Hispanic Americas

This booklet experiences the movement of social wisdom by means of targeting the reception of Niklas Luhmann's structures thought in Hispanic the US. It exhibits that theories want energetic involvement from students within the receiving box so as to shuttle.

Introducing the Enlightenment: A Graphic Guide

Introducing the Enlightenment is the fundamental advisor to the giants of the Enlightenment—Adam Smith, Samuel Johnson, Immanuel Kant, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson. This publication offers a transparent and available advent to the prime thinkers of the age, the boys and girls who believed that rational endeavour may show the secrets and techniques of the universe.

Additional resources for Biology As Ideology

Example text

First, what do I. Q. tests actually measure? They are a combination of numerical, vocabulary, educational, and attitudinal questions. ) And how do we know that someone who does well on such a test is intelligent? Because, in fact, the tests were originally standardized to pick out precisely those children in a class whom the teacher had already labeled intelligent. That is, I. Q. tests are instruments for giving an apparently objective and "scientific" gloss to the social prejudices of educational institutions.

It is necessary to search among many such homogeneous inbred lines to find pairs that will do the trick. The hybrid cross between the inbred lines has another quality, which is not much spoken about, a quality with a unique commercial value. If a farmer has a high-yielding variety of some crop, one that is resistant to disease and produces high commercial output as compared to the cost of inputs, his normal way of carrying on his business would be to save some of the seed of this high-yielding variety and plant it next year to again achieve high yields.

Q. s even though there is evidence for some genetic influence from their biological parents. These results of adoption studies illustrate perfectly why we cannot answer a question about how much something can be changed by answering a different question, namely, are there genes influencing the trait? If we wanted seriously to ask the question posed by Arthur Jensen in his famous article "How much can we boost I. Q. ",11 the only way we could answer would be to try to boost I. Q. and scholastic achievement.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.21 of 5 – based on 9 votes