CAS-CERN Accelerator School - 50 Years of Synchrotrons

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13] Proceedings of the ECFA–CERN Workshop, Large Hadron Collider in the LEP Tunnel, Lausanne and Geneva, 1984, CERN 84–10, ECFA 84/85 (1984). [14] The LHC Study Group, The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), CERN/AC/95–05 (LHC) (1995). [15] J. Perot and D. Leroy, The superconducting bending magnet CESAR, 6th International Conference on Magnet Technology, Bratislava, Sept. 1977, p. 487. [16] D. Leroy, M. Castiglioni and D. Hagedorn, A 5m-long impregnated NbTi dipole magnet, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS32 (1985) 3701.

But, prior to the final design of the Antiproton Source, a test synchrotron called ICE (standing for Initial Cooling Experiment) was quickly assembled with existing magnets in order to test both electron and stochastic cooling (Figs. 44, 45). As anticipated, the stochastic cooling method was confirmed and the design and construction of the Antiproton Accumulator was entrusted to R. Billinge and S. van der Meer. Despite the great sophistication of a number of elements, particularly for the stochastic cooling systems, the ring was assembled and tested successfully in less than three years [11] (Fig.

The method for obtaining very high current was the so-called stacking in momentum space, which was typically one thousand times the space occupied by a single injected pulse from the PS. Fig. 32: Layout of the ISR. 47 Fig. 33: View of an ISR intersection region. A considerable enhancement of accelerator technology was due to the ISR, in particular concerning reliability and time stability of all components, and also of accelerator theory and experimentation faced with space-charge effects and non-linear resonances.

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