Caste Wars: The Philosophy of Discrimination (Studies in by David Edmonds

By David Edmonds

The valuable subject for this e-book is the ethics of treating participants as if they're contributors of teams. The booklet increases many attention-grabbing questions, including:

  • Why can we believe much more strongly approximately discrimination on sure grounds – e.g. of race and intercourse - than discrimination on different grounds? Are we correct to imagine that discrimination in line with those features is mainly invidious?
  • What may still we expect approximately ‘rational discrimination’ – ‘discrimination’ that is in line with sound statistics?

To take only one of dozens of examples from the ebook. think a landlord turns away a potential tenant, simply because this potential tenant is of a specific ethnicity – arguing that records express that one in 4 of this team were proven long ago to default on their hire. That turns out truly unfair to humans of this ethnicity. yet we're generally being judged during this manner – not only at the foundation of our ethnicity, yet assumptions are made approximately us and judgements taken approximately us in response to our gender, faith, activity, post-code, leisure pursuits, blood-group, nationality, and so forth. Now feel that one other landlord turns away a convicted felony, arguing that one in 4 of convicted criminals were proven to be unreliable hire payers. Is our instinct just like ahead of? should still it be?

This book is appropriate for all scholars of philosophy, specially people with an curiosity in utilized ethics.

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Extra info for Caste Wars: The Philosophy of Discrimination (Studies in Ethics and Moral Theory)

Sample text

When I use the term ‘caste’, I do not wish to imply that it is an all-ornothing concept. ‘Caste’ is a term that admits of gradation. The two crucial ingredients are noted above – a caste exists where a group of people have a characteristic in common that affects their lives in important ways, and where this characteristic constitutes an important part of their identity. These criteria I consider to be jointly necessary and sufficient for the existence of caste. They are not equivalent since one can have one without the other.

But this has little to do with whether or not we ‘choose’ our group, as the following two cases demonstrate. First, contrast group F not with group R, but with a club one freely chooses to join – say a club for people who like to spend Saturday nights singing Bavarian drinking songs. Reputable statistical analyses show that four out of every five members of this club cannot adequately perform task T. But it still seems somewhat unjust, on this basis, to turn away the other fifth. Second, let us suppose that the quiz is an intelligence test, for which preparation is useless.

We cannot take high risks, say, over the competence or health of a pilot, and for that reason, if there was a serious danger associated with a certain group, we might think it acceptable to exclude that entire group from becoming pilots. This last point will be a leitmotiv of this book. But for the moment, let us return to the issue of whether the moral and the rational are interchangeable. Our aim is to seek a case in which two sets of correlations are identical, but where the morality of acting upon the one is not identical to the morality of acting upon the other.

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