By Emanuel Tov
This monograph is written within the type of a instruction manual at the scribal positive aspects of the texts present in the Judean wilderness, the useless Sea Scrolls. It info the fabric, form, and coaching of the scrolls; scribes and scribal task; scripts, writing conventions, mistakes and their correction, and scribal symptoms; scribal traditions; adjustments among kinds of scrolls (e.g., biblical and nonbiblical scrolls); and the potential life of scribal colleges comparable to that at Qumran. In such a lot different types, the research is intended to be exhaustive. quite a few tables in addition to annotated illustrations and charts of scribal symptoms accompany the distinctive research. The findings have significant implications for the research of the scrolls and the certainty in their courting to scribal traditions in Israel and in other places.
By Ruth R. Wisse
Humor is the main celebrated of all Jewish responses to modernity. during this publication, Ruth Wisse inspires and applauds the genius of spontaneous Jewish joking--as good because the brilliance of comedian masterworks via writers like Heinrich Heine, Sholem Aleichem, Isaac Babel, S. Y. Agnon, Isaac Bashevis Singer, and Philip Roth. while, Wisse attracts realization to the precarious stipulations that decision Jewish humor into being--and the cost it might probably unique from its practitioners and audience.
Wisse extensively lines smooth Jewish humor all over the world, teasing out its implications as she explores memorable and telling examples from German, Yiddish, English, Russian, and Hebrew. between different subject matters, the e-book appears to be like at how Jewish humor channeled Jewish studying and wordsmanship into new avenues of creativity, introduced aid to liberal non-Jews in repressive societies, and enriched pop culture within the United States.
at the same time it invitations readers to contemplate the pleasures and earnings of Jewish humor, the e-book asks tricky yet interesting questions: Can the surplus and severe self-ridicule of Jewish humor cross too some distance and backfire within the procedure? And is "leave 'em laughing" the wisest motto for a people who others have meant to brush off the level of history?
By Matti Bunzl
Within the Nineties, Vienna's Jews and queers deserted their clandestine lifestyles and emerged into the city's public sphere in extraordinary numbers. signs of Modernity strains this improvement within the context of relevant ecu historical past. Jews and homosexuals are signposts of an exclusionary means of nation-building. solid of their glossy roles within the past due 19th century, they functioned as Others, permitting a countrywide neighborhood to visualize itself as a domain of ethnic and sexual purity. In Matti Bunzl's incisive old and cultural research, the Holocaust looks because the catastrophic end result of this violent venture, an try and get rid of modernity's abject by-products from the physique politic. As indicators of Modernity indicates, even though global warfare II introduced an finish to the genocidal persecution, the nation's exclusionary good judgment endured, accounting for the continued marginalization of Jews and homosexuals. now not till the Seventies did person Jews and queers start to problem the hegemonic subordination--a resistance that, through the Nineteen Nineties, was once joined by way of the state's makes an attempt to make sure and verify the continuing presence of Jews and queers. signs of Modernity provides an account of this radical cultural reversal, linking it to geopolitical modifications and to the supersession of the ecu geographical region through a postmodern polity.
The endurance of kabbalistic teams within the 20th century has mostly been missed or underestimated by means of students of faith. just recently have students started to flip their realization to the many-facetted roles that kabbalistic doctrines and colleges have performed in 19th- and twentieth-century tradition. usually, and unavoidably, this new curiosity and openness went in addition to a contextualization and re-valuation of previous scholarly methods to kabbalah. This quantity brings jointly major representatives of this ongoing debate with a view to holiday new floor for a greater knowing and conceptualization of the position of kabbalah in smooth non secular, highbrow, and political discourse.
By Sacha Stern
This quantity strains the improvement of the Jewish calendar from its origins till it reached, within the tenth century CE, its current shape. Drawing on a variety of literary, documentary, and epigraphic assets, this can be the 1st finished ebook to were written in this topic. Stern indicates that the Jewish calendar developed in this interval from massive variety (a number of sunlight and lunar calendars) to team spirit. This consolidation of the calendar is one aspect within the unification of Jewish identification in later antiquity and the early medieval international.
By Eran Kaplan, Derek J. Penslar
In 1880 the Jewish group in Palestine encompassed a few 20,000 Orthodox Jews; inside of sixty-five years it used to be reworked right into a secular proto-state with well-developed political, army, and financial associations, a full of life Hebrew-language tradition, and a few 600,000 population. The Origins of Israel, 1882–1948: A Documentary History chronicles the making of contemporary Israel ahead of statehood, supplying in English the texts of unique resources (many translated from Hebrew and different languages) observed by way of huge introductions and commentaries from the amount editors.
This sourcebook assembles a various array of sixty two records, a lot of them unabridged, to show the ferment, dissent, strength, and anxiousness that permeated the Zionist venture from its inception to the production of the trendy country of Israel. Focusing totally on social, financial, and cultural heritage instead of Zionist suggestion and international relations, the texts are equipped in themed chapters. They current the perspectives of Zionists from many political and non secular camps, manufacturing unit staff, farm girls, militants, intellectuals selling the Hebrew language and arts—as good as perspectives of ultra-Orthodox anti-Zionists. the quantity comprises very important unabridged files from the origins of the Arab-Israeli clash which are usually mentioned yet are not often learn in complete. The editors, Eran Kaplan and Derek J. Penslar, supply either basic texts and informative notes and statement, giving readers the chance to come across voices from historical past and make judgments for themselves approximately issues of world-historical significance.
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By Joseph Telushkin
"One of the best spiritual biographies ever written." – Dennis Prager
In this enlightening biography, Joseph Telushkin deals an enthralling portrait of the past due Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, a towering determine who observed past traditional obstacles to show his stream, Chabad-Lubavitch, into probably the most dynamic and common companies ever obvious within the Jewish global. without delay an incisive paintings of background and a compendium of Rabbi Schneerson's teachings, Rebbe is the definitive advisor to knowing essentially the most important, exciting figures of the final centuries.
From his modest headquarters in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, the Rebbe prompt a number of the world's maximum leaders and formed concerns of nation and society. Statesmen and artists as varied as Ronald Reagan, Robert F. Kennedy, Yitzchak Rabin, Menachem commence, Elie Wiesel, and Bob Dylan span the spectrum of these who sought his suggestions. Rebbe explores Schneerson's overarching philosophies opposed to the backdrop of treacherous background, revealing his clandestine operations to rescue and maintain Jews within the Soviet Union, and his serious position within the growth of the meals stamp application through the usa. extra widely, it examines how he turned in impression an envoy for Jews globally, and the way he got here to be considered through many as not just a religious archetype yet a savior. Telushkin additionally delves deep into the extra arguable facets of the Rebbe's management, examining his perspectives on glossy technology and territorial compromise in Israel, and the way within the final years of his lifestyles, lots of his fans believed that he may quickly be published because the Messiah, a resource of rivalry until eventually this present day.
By Ishay Rosen-Zvi
This learn analyzes the explicit textual formation of Mishna Sotah. Diverging considerably from its origins within the ebook of Numbers, the Mishnaic ritual was once frequently learn via students as an "ancient Mishna," narrating an exact ritual practiced within the moment temple. unlike this mostly permitted view, this publication claims that whereas Sotah does include a few traditions, its total composition has a transparent ideological and educational shape. additionally, comparisons with parallel Tannaitic resources display the ideological redaction, which rigorously chosen simply these critiques which help its rewriting of the ritual as a public punitive ritual, whereas rejecting all reservations and competition to its particular punitive personality - even ignoring the potential for innocence of the suspected adulteress. The author's groundbreaking end is that, whatever the shape the genuine ritual did or didn't take on the temple, the explicit Mishnaic ritual was once (re)invented through the rabbis within the moment century C.E. From its very inception, it was once in basic terms textual, reflecting rabbinic mind's eye instead of reminiscence.
By Josephus, H. St. J. Thackeray
Иосиф Флавий — лат. Josephus Flavius иудейское имя Йосеф, бен (сын) Маттитьяху, (37 г., Иерусалим, — после a hundred г., Рим), иудейский государственный деятель и военачальник, знаменитый историк. Из рода первосвященников. В юности изучал иудейское законодательство, греческую литературу, основательно ознакомился с учениями фарисеев, саддукеев и ессеев, описания которых оставил. Примкнув к религиозно-политическому течению фарисеев, Иосиф принимал активное участие в политической жизни. Был в Риме около sixty four г. в числе делегации просителей из Иудеи.
После начала Иудейской войны (66 г. — seventy three г.) был назначен одним из военачальников в Галилее, но затем после взятия римлянами крепости Йотапаты (иуд. Йодфат) изменил и сдался римлянам. Присутствовал в качестве переводчика при осаде и разрушении Иерусалима, после чего, поселившись в Риме, получил права римского гражданина и был назначен историографом Флавиев, приняв их родовое имя. Оставил четыре сочинения (на греческом языке) «Иудейская война» в 7 книгах (первоначально написана была на арамейском языке), излагающая события от 167 г. до н. э. до seventy three г. н. э. «Иудейские древности» в 20 книгах (от «сотворения мира» до начала Иудейской войны). Сочинения Иосифа Флавия — важный источник для изучения истории не только древневосточных, но и средиземноморских народов. Иосиф Флавий использовал и цитировал многие ценные источники и документы, до нас не дошедшие. Основные тенденции трудов Иосифа Флавия проримское изображение событий Иудейской войны, попытки самооправдания в измене и апологетика иудеев.
Тома содержат древнегреческий текст «Иудейской войны», английский перевод, статьи, карты, планы и указатели.
By Alberdina Houtman
This learn explores the potential for utilizing version readings of the Targum of the Prophets to recover perception into the starting place and historical past of Targum Jonathan. The booklet turns out to be useful for the learn of the genesis of Targum Jonathan and its later advancements.
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