By Julia Osman
Showcasing French participation within the Seven Years' battle and the yankee Revolution, this booklet exhibits the French military on the center of innovative, social, and cultural swap. Osman argues that efforts to remodel the French military right into a citizen military earlier than 1789 caused and assisted in shaping the French Revolution.
Read Online or Download Citizen Soldiers and the Key to the Bastille PDF
Best france books
Twelve months and one onerous home-renovation into their marriage, Ken and Bing head to the French nation-state to have fun their long-delayed honeymoon, swearing they're getting out of the home-fixing enterprise for strong. once they fall in love with the village of los angeles Montagne Noire, they locate themselves procuring a fixer-upper and beginning in every single place again-but this time, in French!
"Wise, witty, and beautiful . . . an exceptional e-book, in an excellent historic culture. " —CommentaryThe 14th century provides us again contradictory photos: a glittering time of crusades and castles, cathedrals and chivalry, and a dismal time of ferocity and non secular suffering, a global plunged right into a chaos of battle, worry and the Plague.
- Crime and Repression in the Auvergne and the Guyenne, 1720-1790
- The Flâneur
- Acquired Tastes
- Waterloo: A New History of the Battle and its Armies
- Dans les plaines d'Abraham
Additional resources for Citizen Soldiers and the Key to the Bastille
When Louis XIV had harnessed those qualities that made for honorable and victorious military ofﬁcers, he had institutionalized it in a way that both strengthened the French army and set it on a course that would eventually see it weakened. In regulating and creating standards for the army that measured personal gloire, the king had also made it possible for members of the nobility with little talent in military duties, but great wealth, to obtain a place, and even senior rank, in the French army.
Studying the ancients provided them with a solid foundation for understanding the art of war while also teaching them military virtues. 16 Because of the general belief that military and political principles remained absolute and unchanging, studying ancient warriors provided useful information and examples for contemporary ofﬁcers. 17 From their earliest days, nobles learned to imitate the ancients’ moral code and to use warfare as a platform for pursuing gloire for the king and themselves. Studying family histories contributed to this calling by providing more immediate examples of heroic deeds, self-sacriﬁce, and feats of gloire.
23 Beyond these practical matters, historians have argued that the Enlightenment, with its emphasis on reason and humane values, inﬂuenced the way ofﬁcers engaged in war. Beginning with the era of Louis XIV and lasting through the eighteenth century, monarchs and ofﬁcers discouraged violence against civilians and had stringent rules to prevent their soldiers from plundering towns in their path. 24 If war was to be waged, it had to be waged as humanely as possible. This approach ﬁt into the aristocratic culture of the ofﬁcer corps, in which war was seen as a ‘gentlemanly game’ between aristocrats, who felt more connected to each other through class and status than to common members of their own state.