By Wolff-Michael Roth
Psychology, quantitative or qualitative, has a tendency to conceive of the human individual utilizing metaphysical recommendations and to split the sensible, affective, and highbrow points of participation in daily life. Lev S. Vygotsky, although, used to be training a "concrete human psychology," a objective that he expresses in a small, unfinished textual content of an identical identify. This ebook articulates the root of and develops any such concrete human psychology in line with which all greater mental services are kinfolk among people sooner than being services, and based on which character is the ensemble of societal kin with others individual has lived and skilled. Correlated with trouble for the concreteness of human lifestyles and the psychology that theorizes it's the concept that to dwell capability to alter. in spite of the fact that, not one of the different types we presently have in psychology are different types of swap as such. during this paintings of concrete human psychology, different types are constructed at the foundation of Vygotsky’s paintings which are compatible to theorize an ever-changing existence, together with the language people use to take keep an eye on over their stipulations and to speak about the stipulations during which they live.
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Additional info for Concrete Human Psychology
In my personal life, I had overcome the gap between the material world and intellect by the time I started my PhD (1985–1987). However, I did a neo-Piagetian study of development of mathematical reasoning in adults. The Piagetian part concerned the stagewise development of thinking, whereas the neo- referred to information-processing approaches to Piagetian theory. After my PhD, I returned to teaching high school science. There I began to videotape students while they conducted self-designed investigations and experiments in field ecology and physics.
Language is the core feature determining individual and collective development. One of the corollaries of the traditional psychology is the attribution of the word—or, equivalently, its “meaning”—to the individual. However, “the word,” Vygotskij (1934) suggests in the posthumously published Myšlenie i reč’ (Thinking and Speaking), “is that which in consciousness is impossible for the individual person but is a possibility for two” (p. 318). Saying “two people” is equivalent to saying “relation,” and the forms of relation are a function of the historical development of society—a point that Vygotsky, A.
Even the embodiment and enactivist literatures do not get at the kinesthetic dimensions that characterize not only physical movement, as in dance, but all of our knowing in most general terms; this literature, despite its apparent focus on the body, remains essentially idealistic, concerned with the mind at the expense of sensuous life (Jantzen, 1991). , mind) can also be found among those claiming to follow Vygotsky. In part, this situation may be the result of the fact that the Russian word psixika (Psyche, in German) tends to be translated as “mind” rather than as “psyche,” which is more extended than the mind.