By Osamu Hayaishi’ (auth.), Graziella Allegri, Carlo V. L. Costa, Eugenio Ragazzi, Hans Steinhart, Luigi Varesio (eds.)
This quantity comprises the lawsuits of the 10th overseas assembly of the overseas examine team for Tryptophan learn (ISTR V), held on the college of Padova, Padova, Italy, from 25-29 June, 2002 less than the auspices of the Ministry of schooling, collage and examine (MIUR) in Roma, the collage of Padova, the Italian Chemical Society - department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, the Veneto zone and the town of Padova. The assembly used to be prepared to hide the hot advancements within the box of tryptophan learn. Weare very honoured that such a lot of audio system accredited our invitation to offer plenary lectures which, with the opposite communications, validated the excessive clinical worth of the assembly. The courses during this quantity are subdivided into 9 major chapters, and canopy the entire significant facets in immunology, neurobiology, psychiatry, pathology, clinics, metabolism, enzymology, pharmacology, toxicology, melatonin, workout and analytical chemistry. the quantity comprises the contributions of 325 scientists from 24 nations, and the Musajo Memorial Lecture introduced by means of Prof. Osamu Hayaishi through the starting Ceremony.
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We found that QUIN induces astrocytes to produce large quantities ofMCP-l (CCL2), and lesser amounts ofRANTES (CCLS), IL8 (CXCL8). QUIN also increases SDF-la (CXCL12), HuMIG (CXCL9) and fractalkine (CX3CLl) mRNA expression. Moreover, QUIN leads to up-regUlation of the chemokine receptor expression of CXCR4, CCRS, and CCR3 in human fcetal astrocytes. Most of these effects were comparable to those induced by TNF-alIFN-y. The present work represents the first evidence that QUIN induces chemokine and chemokine receptor expression in astrocytes and is at least as potent as classical mediators such as inflammatory cytokines.
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